The unique physical and geologic attributes of the Upper Iowa River Watershed add interest and complexity. The dendritic valleys, steep slopes, karst topography and karst features also provide unique challenges and opportunities for producers, land managers, and conservation professionals alike. It is important to understand the physical characteristics and geology of the Upper Iowa River Watershed, how it compares to other parts of Iowa and the surrounding region, and how the related differences influence hydrology, scientific analysis and modeling, land use, conservation and overall watershed resiliency. Information about specific karst features and how the relationship those karst features have with the bedrock geology, water quality, and watershed resiliency, as well as how they influence land use and implementation of conservation practices, is also important.